The Mountains and Basins Region is an area located in the westernmost part of Texas, bordering New Mexico and Mexico. This region is characterized by its arid climate, unique geology, and rugged terrain.
From towering mountains to vast deserts, there are several fun facts about the Mountains and Basins region, its top attractions and places to visit.
Fun Facts about the Mountains and Basins Region of Texas
- The region is home to the only desert in Texas, the Chihuahuan Desert, which covers over 140,000 square miles.
- Guadalupe Peak, the highest point in Texas, is located in the region and stands at 8,751 feet tall.
- The region is home to the famous Big Bend National Park, which is over 800,000 acres and contains over 1,200 species of plants.
- Marfa, a small town located in the region, is famous for its mysterious Marfa lights, which have puzzled scientists and visitors for decades.
- The region is home to the McDonald Observatory, one of the world’s leading astronomical research facilities, located on the top of Mount Locke.
- The Fort Davis National Historic Site, located in the region, was once a military post during the Indian Wars of the 1800s and is now a well-preserved historic site.
- The region is known for its diverse wildlife, including black bears, mountain lions, and pronghorns.
- The Rio Grande River runs along the southern border of the region and forms part of the U.S.-Mexico border.
- The Davis Mountains, located in the region, are home to the rare Montezuma Quail, which can be found nowhere else in the United States.
- The region is known for its delicious pecans, which are grown in the fertile valleys along the Rio Grande River.
- The Marfa Prada store is a famous art installation located in the middle of nowhere, in which an actual Prada storefront is displayed.
Attractions and Important Places in the Mountains & Basins Regions of Texas
This 800,000-acre national park is one of the most popular attractions in the region. It features a diverse range of landscapes, including mountains, canyons, and desert terrain.
Visitors can enjoy hiking, camping, river rafting, and stargazing opportunities, and can explore the park’s rich cultural history at its visitor centre.
Located on the top of Mount Locke, the McDonald Observatory is one of the world’s leading astronomical research facilities. Visitors can attend public viewing nights, take guided tours, and learn about the history of astronomy and astrophysics.
- Guadalupe Mountains National Park
This national park is home to the highest point in Texas, Guadalupe Peak, which stands at 8,751 feet tall. The park also features a range of hiking trails, camping opportunities, and stunning views of the surrounding mountains and canyons.
- Fort Davis National Historic Site
This historic site was once a military post during the Indian Wars of the 1800s and is now a well-preserved historic site. Visitors can explore the fort’s original buildings, artefacts, and exhibits, and learn about the history of the American West.
- Chihuahuan Desert Nature Center and Botanical Gardens
This nature centre and botanical garden offers visitors the opportunity to learn about the unique flora and fauna of the region. It features several hiking trails, interactive exhibits, and educational programs.
- Davis Mountains State Park
This state park is located in the scenic Davis Mountains and offers visitors camping, hiking, and bird-watching opportunities. The park features a range of trails, picnic areas, and campsites, and is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including black bears, mountain lions, and pronghorns.
This small town is known for its art galleries, unique culture, and mysterious Marfa lights. Visitors can explore the town’s many art installations and galleries, and learn about its rich cultural history.
This park is home to the world’s largest spring-fed swimming pool, which offers visitors the opportunity to swim and snorkel in crystal-clear water. The park also features hiking trails, camping opportunities, and a range of wildlife, including turtles and fish.
This historic hotel offers luxury accommodations and a taste of the Old West. Visitors can enjoy fine dining, spa treatments, and guided tours of the surrounding area.
This city offers a mix of history, culture, and outdoor recreation, including the El Paso Museum of Art, the Franklin Mountains State Park, and the Chamizal National Memorial.
This contemporary art museum is located in Marfa and features a collection of site-specific installations by world-renowned artists, including Donald Judd, Dan Flavin, and John Chamberlain.
This former mining town is now a popular tourist destination and features a range of historic buildings, shops, and restaurants. Visitors can also explore the nearby Big Bend Ranch State Park, which offers hiking, camping, and river rafting opportunities.
- Seminole Canyon State Park and Historic Site
This state park features several hiking trails, including the Fate Bell Shelter Trail, which is home to some of the best-preserved Native American rock art in the region.
- Guadalupe Mountains Wilderness
This wilderness area is home to some of the most rugged and remote terrain in the region and offers visitors the opportunity to explore canyons, peaks, and desert landscapes.
Wildlife & Vegetation of the Mountains & Basins Region of Texas
The Mountains and Basins Region of Texas is home to a diverse range of wildlife and vegetation, which are adapted to the harsh desert and mountainous terrain. Some of the most common types of vegetation in the region include yucca, agave, creosote bush, mesquite, and cactus.
The region is also home to several species of oak, juniper, and pine trees, which are found in higher elevations.
The region is also home to a variety of wildlife, including several species of birds, reptiles, and mammals. Some of the most common types of birds in the region include roadrunners, quail, and raptors like hawks and eagles. Reptiles like snakes and lizards are also common, as well as mammals like pronghorns, deer, coyotes, and black bears.
Natural Resources of the Mountains and Basin Region of Texas
- Oil and gas – The region is home to several oil and gas fields, which have been important to the state’s economy for decades. The Permian Basin, which stretches across West Texas and southeastern New Mexico, is one of the most productive oil and gas regions in the country.
- Minerals – The region is also home to several valuable minerals, including copper, silver, gold, and uranium. These minerals have been mined in the region for centuries and have been important to the local economy.
- Agriculture – While the region’s arid climate makes it challenging for agriculture, several crops are grown in the region, including pecans, cotton, and citrus fruits. Cattle ranching is also an important industry in the region.
- Renewable Energy – With its vast expanses of open land and abundant sunshine, the region is becoming an important centre for renewable energy production. Large-scale solar and wind energy projects have been developed in recent years, providing clean energy to the state and beyond.
The fun facts about the Mountains and Basins Region of Texas are fascinating. They show that it is a unique area of the state that offers a wealth of fun and interesting facts for visitors to explore. From its rugged mountain ranges and desert landscapes to its rich history and culture, the region is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in the American Southwest.
Whether you’re interested in outdoor activities like hiking, camping, and wildlife watching, or exploring the region’s diverse history and cultural attractions, there is something for everyone to enjoy in the Mountains and Basins Region of Texas.